Publications

Lidgard S., Di Martino E., Zárgošek K. & Liow L. H. 2021 When fossil clades ‘compete’: local dominance, global diversification dynamics and causation. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 88: 20211632 [LINK]

Love A. C., Grabowski, M., Houle D., Liow L. H., Porto A., Tsuboi M., Voje K.L. & Hunt G. 2021 Evolvability in the Fossil Record. Paleobiology [LINK]

Di Martino E. & Liow L. H. 2021 Larger offspring associated with lower temperatures across species of Microporella, a widespread colonial invertebrate. Marine Ecology Progress Series 662: 1-13 [LINK]

Di Martino E. & Liow L. H. 2021 Trait-fitness associations do not predict within-species phenotypic evolution over 2 million years. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 288:20202047 [LINK]

Orr R. J. S., Di Martino E., Gordon D. P., Ramsfjell M. H., Mello H.L., Smith A.M., Liow L.H. 2021 A broadly resolved molecular phylogeny of New Zealand cheilostome bryozoans as a framework for hypotheses of morphological evolution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 161:107172 [LINK]


Liow L.H. & Gordon D.P. 2020 New species of Adeonellopsis (Bryozoa: Adeonidae) from southern Zealandia and the western Tasman Sea. Zootaxa 4895:301-331 [LINK]

Orr R.J.S., Sannum M.M., Boessenkool S., Di Martino E., Gordon D.P., Mello H., Obst M., Ramsfjell M.H., Smith A.B., Liow L.H. 2020 A molecular phylogeny of historical and contemporary specimens of an under-studied micro-invertebrate group. Ecology and Evolution 11: 309–320 [LINK]

Di Martino E., Liow L.H., Perkins T., Portell R.W. & Taylor P.D. 2020 Sneaking up on ‘enemies’: alleviating inherent disadvantages in competitive outcomes in a nearly 3‐million‐year‐old palaeocommunity from Florida, USA. Lethaia 53: 552–561 [LINK]

Franeck F. & Liow L. H. 2020 Did hard substrate taxa diversify prior to the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event? Palaeontology 63: 675-687 [LINK]

Kopperud B., Lidgard S. & Liow L. H. 2020 (archived) Enhancing georeferenced biodiversity inventories: automated information extraction from literature records reveal the gaps BiorXiv [LINK]


Orr R.J.S., Haugen M.N., Berning B., Bock P., Cumming R., Florence W., Hirose M., Di Martino E., Ramsfjell M.H., Sannum M., Smith A.B., Vieira L., Waeschenbach A., & Liow L.H. 2019 A genome-skimmed phylogeny of a widespread bryozoan family, Adeonidae. BMC Evolutionary Biology [LINK]

Reitan T. & Liow L. H. 2019 Layeranalyzer: inferring correlative and causal connections from time series data in R. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10(12): 2183-2188[LINK]


Liow L. H.  &  Taylor, P. D. 2019 Cope’s Rule in a modular organism: Directional evolution without an overarching macroevolutionary trend. Evolution 73: 1863-1872 [LINK]

Kopperud B., Lidgard S. & Liow L. H.  2019 Text-mined fossil biodiversity dynamics using machine learning. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286:20190022 [LINK]

Liow L.H.,
Reitan T., Voje K.L., Taylor P.D. & Di Martino E. 2019 Size, weapons and armor as predictors of competitive outcomes in fossil and contemporary marine communities Ecological Monographs 89(2) e01354 [LINK]

Franeck F. & Liow L.H. 2019 Dissecting the paleocontinental and paleoenvironmental dynamics of the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event. Paleobiology 45: 221-234 [LINK]


Orr R.J.S., Waeschenbach A., Enevoldsen E.L.G., Boeve J.P., Haugen M.N., Voje K.L., Porter J., Zágoršek K., Smith A.M., Gordon D.P & Liow L.H. 2018 Bryozoan genera Fenestrulina and Microporella no longer confamilial; multi-gene phylogeny supports separation Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society XX:1-10 [LINK]

Hannisdal B. & Liow L.H. 2018 Causality from paleontological time series. Paleontology 61(4): 495-509 [LINK]

Voje K.L., Starrfelt J. & Liow L.H. 2018 Model adequacy and microevolutionary explanations for stasis in the fossil record. The American Naturalist 191(4) [LINK].

Struck T.H., Feder, J.L., Bendiksby M.  Birkeland S., Cerca J., Gusarov V.I., Kistenich S., Larsson K.-H., Liow L.H., Nowak M.D., Stedje B., Bachmann L. and Dimitraov D.  2018 Finding evolutionary processes hidden in cryptic species. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 33(3) [LINK]

Condamine, F. L., Antonelli A.,  Lagomarsino L.P., Hoorn C. and Liow L.H. 2018 Teasing apart mountain uplift, climate change and biotic drivers of species diversification. In Hoorn and Antonelli (eds). Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity. Wiley-Blackwell. [LINK]


Liow L.H., Di Martino E., Krzeminska M, Ramsfjell M, Rust S., Taylor P.D. & Voje K.L. 2017 Relative size predicts competitive outcome through 2 million years. Ecology Letters 20: 981–988 [LINK]

Reitan T. and Liow L.H. 2017 An unknown Phanerozoic driver of brachiopod extinction rates unveiled by multivariate linear stochastic differential equations. Paleobiology (first view) [LINK]

Hannisdal, B., K. A. Haaga, T. Reitan, D. Diego, and Liow L.H. 2017 Common species link global ecosystems to climate change: dynamical evidence in the planktonic fossil record. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 284:20170722 [LINK]

Di Martino E, Taylor P.D., Gordon D. & Liow L.H. 2017 New bryozoan species from the Pleistocene of the Wanganui Basin, North Island, New Zealand. European Journal of Taxonomy 345: 1-15 [LINK]

Toljagić O., Voje K.L., Matschiner M., Liow L.H., Hansen T.F. 2017 Millions of years behind: slow adaptation of ruminants to grasslands. Systematic Biology 67(1):145-157 [LINK]


Liow L.H., Di Martino E., Voje K., Rust S. & Taylor P. D. 2016 Interspecific interactions through 2 million years: are competitive outcomes predictable?
Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 283:20160981 [LINK]

Di Martino, E., Taylor P. D., Gordon D., and L.H. Liow. 2016 Powellithecidae, a new Pliocene to Recent bryozoan family endemic to New Zealand. European Journal of Taxonomy 207:1-17 [LINK]

Starrfelt J. & Liow L.H. How many dinosaurs were there? True richness estimated using a Poisson sampling model (TRiPS). 2016 Philosophical Transactions B 371(1691) 20150219 [LINK]

Finarelli J.A. & Liow L.H. 2016 Diversification histories for North American and Eurasian carnivorans. 2016 Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 118:26-38 [LINK]

Liow L.H
. & Ergon T. H. 2016 Fitting ancestral age-dependent speciation models to fossil data. In Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record (eds Allmon W.D. and Yacobucci M.M.) pp. 198-216. University of Chicago Press  [LINK]


Liow L.H, T. Reitan, and P.G. Harnik. 2015 Ecological interactions on macroevolutionary time scales: clams and brachiopods are more than ships that pass in the night. Ecology Letters 18:1030-1039 [LINK]

Rosso, A., Di Martino, E., Sanfilippo, R., Sciuto, F., and Liow, L.H. 2015 Resurrection of an old forgotten name: the case of the Pliocene to Recent bryozoan Cleidochasmidra portisi (Neviani, 1895) from the Mediterranean. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 54: 91-102.

Orzechowski E., Lockwood R., Brynes J., Anderson S., Finnegan S., Harnik P., Finkel Z.V., Lindberg D., Liow L.H. et al. 2015 Determinants of extinction selectivity over the last 500 million years: A meta-analysis of marine bivalve and gastropods Global Change Biology 21: 3595-3607 [LINK]

Voje K., Holen, Ø., Liow L.H. & Stenseth N.C. 2015 The role of biotic forces in driving macroevolution: Beyond the Red Queen. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 282 (1808) [LINK]

Finnegan S., Anderson S.C., Harnik P.G., Simpson C., Tittensor D.P., Byrnes J.E., Finkel Z.V., Lindberg D.R., Liow L.H., Lockwood R., Lotze H.K., McClain C.R., McGuire J.L., O’Dea A., Pandolfi J.M. 2015 Paleontological baselines for evaluating extinction risk in the modern oceans. Science 348:567-570 [LINK]

De Blasio F.V., Liow L.H., Schweder T. & De Blasio B.F. 2015 A model for global diversity in response to temperature change over geological time scales, with reference to planktic organisms. Journal of Theoretical Biology 365:445-456 [LINK]


Silvestro D., Schnitzler J., Liow L.HAntonelli A & Salamin N. 2014 Bayesian estimation of speciation and extinction from incomplete fossil occurrence data. Systematic Biology 63(3): 349-367 [LINK]

Liow L. H. & Finarelli J.A. 2014 A dynamic global equilibrium in carnivoran diversification over 20 million years. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 281(1778) [LINK] [Associated GSA 2012 presentation LINK]

Seddon A.W.R. et al. (incl. Liow L.H.) 2014 Looking forward though the past. Identification of fifty priority research questions in paleoecology. Journal of Ecology 102(1): 256-267 [LINK]


Liow L. H. 2013 Simultaneous estimation of occupancy and detection probabilities: an illustration using Cincinnatian brachiopods Paleobiology 39(2):193-213 [LINK]


Liow L.H. 2012 Why paleobiological insights matter for conservation biologists. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 25: 25-28 [LINK]

Hannisdal B., Henderiks J. & Liow L. H. 2012 Long-term evolutionary and ecological responses of calcifying phytoplankton to changes in atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology 18(12):3504–3516 [LINK]

Harnik, Lotze, Anderson, Brynes, Finkel, Finnegan, Lockwood, Lindberg, Liow et al. 2012 Extinctions in ancient and modern seas. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27(11): 608-617 [LINK]


Liow L.H., Van Valen, L. & Stenseth, N.C. 2011 Red Queen: from populations to taxa. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26(7): 349-358 [LINK]

Liow L.H., Simpson, C., Bouchard. F, Damuth. J, Hallgrimsson, B, Hunt, G., McShea, D.W., Powell, J.R., Stenseth, N.C., Stoller, M.K. & Wagner, G. 2011 Pioneering paradigms and magnificent manifestos –  Leigh Van Valen’s priceless contributions to evolutionary biology. Evolution 65(4): 917-922 [LINK]


Liow L.H. 2010 Speciation and the fossil record. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS, published online 15 DEC 2010). John Wiley & Sons [LINK]

Liow L.H. & Nichols, J.D. 2010 Estimating rates and probabilities of origination and extinction using taxonomic occurrence data: Capture-recapture approaches. In Quantitative Paleobiology Short Course. Eds. Alroy J. & Hunt G. Paleontological Society pp. 81-94 [Supplementary Material][LINK]

Liow L.H., Quental T.B. & Marshall C.R. 2010 When can decreasing diversification rates be detected with molecular phylogenies and the fossil record? Systematic Biology 59:646-659 [LINK]

Liow L.H., Skaug H.J., Ergon, T.H. & Schweder T. 2010 Environmental volatility and the global occupancy trajectory of microfossils. Paleobiology 36: 224-252 [LINK]


Colles A, Liow L.H. & Prinzing A. 2009 Are specialists at risk under environmental changes? – Neoecological, paleoecological and phylogenetic approaches. Ecology Letters 12: 849-863 [LINK]

Liow L.H.. Fortelius M., Lintulaasko K., Mannila H. & Stenseth N.C. 2009 Lower extinction risk in Sleep-or-Hide Mammals. American Naturalist 173:264–272 [LINK]

Liow L.H., Fortelius M., Bingham E., Lintulaasko K., Mannila H., Flynn L. & Stenseth N.C. 2008 Reply to Vilar et al.: Sleep or hide, better for survival any time. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(35)E57 [LINK]

Liow L.H., Fortelius M., Bingham E., Lintulaasko K., Mannila H., Flynn L. & Stenseth N.C. 2008 Higher origination and extinction rates in larger mammals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105:6097-6102 [LINK]

Liow L.H. & Stenseth N.C. 2007 The rise and fall of species: implications for macroevolutionary and macroecological studies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 274:2745–2752 [LINK]

Liow L.H. 2007 Lineages with long durations are old and average: an analysis of multiple datasets. Evolution 61:885-901 [LINK]

Liow L.H. 2007 Does versatility, as measured by geographic range, bathymetric range and morphological variability, contribute to taxon longevity? Global Ecology and Biogeography 116:117-128 [LINK]

Liow L.H. Ph.D thesis (University of Chicago) 2006 Oddities, wonders and other tall-tales of “living fossils” [LINK or email me]

Liow L.H. 2006 Do deviants live longer? Morphology and longevity in trachyleberidid ostracodes. Paleobiology 32:55-69 [LINK]

Liow L.H. 2004 A test of Simpson’s “Rule of the survival of the relatively unspecialized” using fossil crinoids. American Naturalist 164:431-443 [LINK]

Sodhi N.S., Liow L.H. & Bazzaz F.A. 2004 Avian extinctions from tropical and subtropical forests. Annual Reviews in Ecology and Systematics 34:323-45 [LINK]

Liow L.H., Sodhi N.S. and Elmqvist T. 2001 Bee diversity along a gradient of disturbance in tropical lowlands forests of south-east Asia. Journal of Applied Ecology 38:180-192 [LINK]

Liow L.H. 2000. Mangrove conservation in Singapore: a physical or a psychological impossibility? Biodiversity and Conservation 9:309-322 [LINK]

Sodhi N. S. & Liow L.H. 2000 Improving conservation-biology research in Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology 14:1211-1212 [LINK]


Quek K.C., Sodhi N.S. & Liow L.H. 1999. New records of butterfly species on Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No.6:271-276

Liow L.H. 1998. A note on the bird (Aves) and butterfly (Lepidoptera) species of Pulau Tulai, Pulau Sribuat and Pulau Pemanggil, Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 46:360.


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